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CBD FAQs

This website contains general science information. The information is not advice and is not a substitute for advice from a healthcare professional. Read the full disclaimer here.

Introduction to CBD

Hemp plants contain over 113 active compounds called cannabinoids. CBD (cannabidiol) is one of the most prevalent cannabinoids found in hemp plants. Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD does not produce any intoxicating effects. In other words, users can benefit from the compound without the psychoactive “high” or feelings of lethargy or uneasiness.
The Endocannabinoid System

The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) consists of cell receptors (CB1 and CB2) and the corresponding molecules (agonists) in the human body. These receptors and molecules are responsible for sending and delivering messages throughout your body, regulating processes and bodily functions. The ECS regulates and maintains many key functions of the human body. When the ECS is in balance, one experiences homeostasis, which is the self-regulating process by which our bodies’ systems maintain stability while adjusting to conditions that are optimal for survival.

One way we do this naturally is by consuming omega-3 fatty acids which our bodies use to create their own cannabinoids (called endocannabinoids) such as anandamide (known as the bliss molecule) and 2AG.

Our Endocannabinoid Systems ideally remain in balance. However, under stressful conditions, or illness or injury, our bodies may not produce enough endocannabinoids to properly fulfill their communication functions. Our bodies then become unbalanced, resulting in inflammation and illness. Scientific research is illuminating the functions of cannabinoids and their role in optimal health.

Hemp vs. Marijuana

How is hemp different than marijuana? Hemp and marijuana are terms used to describe the cannabis plant and are often used interchangeably. Both are Cannabis Sativa L.; however, marijuana is defined by the Federal Government as cannabis containing more than .3% THC (the compound that makes you “high”). While hemp, on the other hand, has less than .3% THC and generally high amounts of CBD.

Here is Congress’s definition of hemp as described in the 2018 Farm Bill section 7606:

HEMP—The term ‘hemp’ means the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of that plant, including the seeds thereof and all derivatives, extracts, cannabinoids, isomers, acids, salts, and salts of isomers, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.

Congress has determined that 0.3% is the ‘magic number’ and wrote it into law, thereby legalizing all hemp products. All CBD products manufactured and sold by Green Treets are derived from hemp grown in accordance with Sec. 7606 of the Farm Bill and are legal under federal law.

Cannabinoids
  • Cannabis is loaded with many different molecules, in fact it contains over 500 distinct compounds including cannabinoids, terpenoids, flavonoids and omega fatty acids. Cannabinoids are compounds only found in cannabis. Scientists have identified over 113 cannabinoids, thus far.

The most well-known cannabinoid is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is responsible for the “high” of cannabis, affecting perception, cognition, emotion, mood and motor function.

There are many cannabinoids which are non-psychoactive, like cannabidiol (CBD), that have demonstrated medically useful properties. Dr. Sanjay Gupta brought national attention to CBD in his CNN special report “Weed” which reported its positive effects on children with severe seizure disorders.

It is common for cannabis that has grown naturally to contain roughly equal amounts of THC and CBD. However, laboratory analysis of “street” cannabis reveals levels of THC commonly 10 to 100 times greater than that of CBD. Decades of breeding for recreational use have dramatically increased THC content while reducing CBD.

Terpenes

Terpenes are the molecules that give cannabis its distinct aroma. Terpenoids are found throughout the plant kingdom and are responsible for giving plant matter, such as citrus, its wonderful smell. Research has demonstrated that terpenoids have varied physiological effects and may contribute to some of the effects of cannabis.

Therapeutic Potential

Exogenous (derived from sources outside of the body) cannabinoids have demonstrated a wide variety of possible therapeutic uses. Synthetic THC (Marinol), for example, is FDA approved for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, as well as appetite and weight loss resulting from HIV/AIDS. Epidiolex is another FDA-approved drug made from CBD that treats certain pediatric seizure disorder. Sativex, a drug that contains THC and CBD, is approved in 30 countries outside of the U.S. for muscle spasticity in Multiple Sclerosis. Early-stage scientific research has shown cannabinoids to have a range of potentially useful effects. Nevertheless, the evidence is based primarily on animal studies and needs rigorous human clinical trials before safe treatment recommendations can be made.

Full or Advanced Spectrum vs. Broad Spectrum vs. Isolate
How is Advanced Spectrum CBD made?
1. HEMP SEEDS ARE PLANTED
Our hemp is grown in Colorado and is cultivated outdoors using organic, non-GMO farming techniques.

2. PLANTS ARE HARVESTED
Our hemp is cultivated specifically to have high levels of CBD while also containing other minor cannabinoids that assist the Entourage Effect. All our hemp contains less than 0.3% THC by dry weight and is therefore legal in all 50 states. Once harvested, the plant material is taken to an extraction facility where the cannabinoids are extracted from the trichomes (the flowers of the plant).

3. EXTRACTION
Our extraction process allows for only the beneficial components of the plant to be retained. The many cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids are separated out so that we can use exactly the compounds that will produce a truly effective product.

4. WINTERIZATION / DECARBOXYLATION
During the winterization process we cool the oil by storing it for a brief period in extremely cold temperatures. This causes the oil to separate from the naturally occurring waxes and fats. We then decarboxylate the oil by heating it to high temperatures, thereby converting CBD-A to CBD, its more active form. We do not decarboxylate some of the extract because some of our formulations require CBD-A.

FULL SPECTRUM CBD OIL
After undergoing extraction, winterization and decarboxylation, the end result is Full Spectrum CBD oil. “Full Spectrum” refers to the presence of all the naturally occurring hemp cannabinoids and terpenes in addition to CBD. Green Treets offers a variety of full spectrum CBD oil products.

How is CBD Isolate made?
1. HEMP SEEDS ARE PLANTED
Our hemp is grown in Colorado and is cultivated outdoors using organic, non-GMO farming techniques.

2. PLANTS ARE HARVESTED
Our hemp is cultivated specifically to have high levels of CBD while also containing other minor cannabinoids that assist the Entourage Effect. All our hemp contains less than 0.3% THC by dry weight and is therefore legal in all 50 states. Once harvested, the plant material is taken to an extraction facility where the cannabinoids are extracted from the trichomes (the flowers of the plant).

3. EXTRACTION
Our ethanol extraction process involves pumping high-grade ethanol through the hemp biomass, separating the beneficial components of the plant from the unusable fibers. The many cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids are retained so that we can use exactly the compounds that will produce a truly effective product. Ethanol extraction is known to be incredibly effective and efficient.

4. DISTILLATION AND ISOLATION
We process the hemp extract further by distilling and refining it, thereby separating it into three distinct fractions: cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids. Finally, we isolate the CBD, CBN, CBG and other cannabinoids further in order to use them in our proprietary and effective blends.

5. WINTERIZATION / DECARBOXYLATION
During the winterization process we cool the oil by storing it for a brief period in extremely cold temperatures, this causes the oil to separate from the naturally occurring waxes and fats. We then decarboxylate the oil by heating it to high temperatures, thereby converting CBD-A to CBD, its more active form. We do not decarboxylate some of the extract because some of our formulations require CBD-A.

ISOLATE CBD PRODUCTS
Green Treets carries several CBD Isolate products that are 99% pure CBD including powder, as well as products that are formulated with isolate, such as soft gels, tinctures and cartridges.

History of the Discovery of the Endocannabinoid System

Researchers have not completely understood cannabinoids’s effects on the human body until recently. Israeli scientists discovered endocannabinoids in the 1990’s, the cannabis-like molecules the human body produces naturally. Researchers began to understand that cannabis worked in the human body by mimicking the endocannabinoids. The main function of the endocannabinoid system is to maintain the body’s biological harmony in response to environmental changes. This harmony is called homeostasis. Research has revealed that the endocannabinoid system evolved over 500 million years ago. It exists in all vertebrates, from humans to birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish. They all produce their own cannabinoids, also called endocannabinoids!

Initially researchers believed that endocannabinoid receptors were present only in the central nervous system, the brain and nerves throughout the body. But later they realized that the receptors were located all over the body, in the skin, bones, fat tissues, liver, pancreas, heart, kidneys, blood vessels, immune cells and even in the gastrointestinal tract.

The endocannabinoid system is understood to be involved in almost all the regulatory processes taking place in the body. Scientists now believe endocannabinoids are one of the most widespread and versatile signaling molecules in the human body.

Why are so many people using CBD?

The endocannabinoid messengers created by your body are made on an as needed and then broken down by enzymes. When your body cannot produce a sufficient number of messengers on its own, the communication system can fail. Ideally, your endocannabinoid system would remain in balance. Unfortunately, under the assault of stress, illness or injury, your body may not produce enough endocannabinoids to fulfill communication requirements. The system becomes unbalanced, and communication deteriorates.

You can read more about the endocannabinoid system and the scientific history behind its discovery in this article The Endocannabinoid System as an Emerging Target of Pharmacotherapy by National Institute of Health researchers PÁL PACHER, SÁNDOR BÁTKAI, and GEORGE KUNOS https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2241751/

How will CBD affect me?
CBD affects everyone differently. It is important to consult a doctor and make sure that it won’t have a negative side effect in conjunction with any medications you are taking. We recommend starting with a very low dose and doing your own research regarding the safe use of CBD products.
Bioavailability

In short, bioavailability is the degree and the rate at which a substance is absorbed into the bloodstream. In addition to the amount and strength of a substance, bioavailability determines how much of what you took is actually present to provide your level of effect. For medications ordered by your doctor part of the calculation about the dosage has already included bioavailability when determining the standard dosage.

With that being said, the bioavailability of CBD varies based on the consumption method and concentration of CBD in the product in question, and each product has a different bioavailability depending on the recipe, formulation, method of intake, dosage, and more.

Ways to ingest CBD
· Oil-based Tinctures
· Softgels, capsules, and tablets
· Gummies and edibles
· Vapes and Cartridges
· Raw flower with a pipe, water bong, or rolling papers.
· Isolated CBD Concentrates
· Topicals and Transdermals
· Nasal and Throat Sprays
Batch Test Results – Transparency that Matters

We test every batch of cannabis for pesticides, mold, mildew, yeast, and any harmful substances that might come in contact with the plant during the growing process. After we extract the cannabis we test it again for potency, cannabinoids, and terpenes to ensure accurate dosing in all of our products.

We Strive…

  • To provide empowerment and growth opportunities for our team
  • To provide the highest-quality Cannabis and Hemp products at fair prices to our consumers
  • To be an ethical lighthouse for the industry through integrity, innovation, and trust during the end of prohibition…
  • …and to have the time of our lives while we do it.

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